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ARSO-RUPNNEM

NOV-DEZ 2005       VORS 1 ANK 1

ARSO

Vors: 1935. Konknni Bhas 5 lipiamni boroitale: Devonagori, Kon'nodd, Moliallom', Romi and Orbi. Konknniche panch zunve zal'le. Ek zunvear kitem ghoddtta tem dusrea zunvear kollonaxil'lem.

Vors: 1931. Karvarant poili Konknni Porixod zali. Poilech khepe Konknni bhaxe sombondan vichar korpak ektthaim aile. Tannim tharavnni ghetli: soglea Konknni Bhaxi lokan Konknnichi sobhavik lipi mhonn Devnagori lipi apnnavchi. He ghoddnnukek 66 vorsam zalim.

Vors: 1962. Goenchi suttka zatokuch Kendr sorkaran mullavea xikxonna sombondan obheas korpak Xrimoti Vijaya Mulle hanchea mukhelponna khala ek somiti dhaddli. Goenchi lokbhas Konknni; dekhun Konknni hem mullavea xikxonnachem madhiom' aschem oxi xifaros te somitin keli. Ti manun ghevn sorkaran mullavea xallamni madhiom' mhonn Konknni apnnaili. Konknni bhaxechea itihasant poilech khepe Konknni Xikxonnachem madhiom' zali. Hem 1963 vorsa ghoddlem. Uprant Konknni ek vixoi mhonn madhiomik, uch'ch madhiomik ani mahavidyalain panvddeancher pavli. Konknni vixoi ghevpi videartheancho ankddo dor vorsa vaddot asa. Tanchem modim Hindu toxech Kristanv videarthi asat. Hem xikxonn 43 vorsam cholta.

Vors: 1975. Sahitya Akademin Konknnik svotontr sahityik bhas mhonn manniotai dili. 1978 vorsa Konknnitlean Sahity Akademicho puroskar ani her kariavolli suru zaleo. Sahitya Akademin Devnagori hi Konknnichi sobhavik lipi manun arombhaposun ti lipi vaporpachem dhoronn apnnailem. 1981 vorsa konnem tori lipicho prosn voir kaddlo. Sahitya Akademin to Konknni sol'lagar monddolla kodden dhaddlo. Hem monddoll Konknni bhaxi Sahityikanchea 10 protinidhinchem asta. Hea monddollache tisre boskent tea vixoiacher vichar zalo. Tarikh axil'li 21 Novhembor 1981. Sahity Akademin Konknni vixincho vavr Devnagor lipintlean korcho oxi xifaros sol'lagar monddollan ekamotan keli. Sorgest Fr. Anton Pereira, Mongllurche Sorgest. V.J.P. Saldhanha, Kerollche Xri. N. Purushottam Mallya he monddollache vangddi asle. Xri. Ravindra Kelekar he nimontrok asle. Ti xifaros 5 Janevari 1982 disa zal'le akademichea vavurpi mondollache boske mukhar aili. Vavurpi monddollan ti manun ghetli ani adle bhaxen vavr chalu dovorlo. Sahitya Akademicho Konknnint vavr suru zavn 30 vorsam zaleant.

Vors: 1985. Goem Vidyapitthachi thapnnuk zali. Kaim vorsamni Podvyut'tor Korsant (M.A.) Konknni pavli. Kitleaxeach zannamni Konknnint M.A. kelea. Tanche modlim kaim zannam mahavidyalayamni Konknni vixoi xikoitat. Hea xikovpeam-modim Hindu asat toxech Kristanv podvidhor asat. Konknnint Podviut'tor kors suru zalear 13 vorsam zaleant. Goeant Konknnitlem ani Konknnichem xikxonn fokot Devonagorint zata.

Vors: 1987 Goem Vidhansobhet rajbhas kaido pas kelo. Tea kaideant Devnagori lipintle Konknnik rajbhas kelea.

Vors: 1992 Sonvsoden sonvidhanant bodol korpi vidheiok pas korun Konknnicho aspav atthve onusuchint kelo. Toso aspav kelea uprant Bharot sorkarachim khatim ani sorkari sonvstha Konknnint kosloi vavr kortona Devnagori lipi vaprit aileant. "National Book Trust" Konknnit pustokam uzvaddaita tim Devnagori lipint astat. Bharot Sorkarachea ghor khatean Goem Sorkara vorvim korun ghetla to Bhrotiy sonvidhanacho Konknni onnkar Devnagori lipint asa. U.P.S.C.-che porikxek Konknni vixoi ghevpak melltta, to Devnagori lipint asta. "Reserve Bank" notti chhapta tancher Konknni asta tem Devnagori lipint asta. Hem fattlim sumar bara vorsam cholta.

Kerollant xallamni Konknni xikovpachi vevostha thoinchea sorkaran kelea. Tem xikxonn Devnagori lipint asta ani Goeant toiar kel'lim pustokam tea xallamni vaportat.

Kerollant Konknni pasot eka kallar fokot Molyallom' lipi vaportale. Az 90 ttok'ke vapor Devnagoricho zata ani Molyallom' lipicho upeg fokot 10 ttok'ke zata.

Ani atam- Konknni pasot Devnagoriche suvater Romi lipi apnnavchi oso prochar suru zala. Ho prochar Thomas Stephens Konknni Kendr ani tea kendrache son'chalok Pratap Naik ani Matthew Almeida hamnni suru kela. To. Stti. Konknni Kendr hi Jezvit Ponthachi sonvstha. Tichem vangddiponn lokak ugtem na. Pratap Naik, Matthew Almeida hankam thoim nemleat. Dedd-don vorsam adim te Kon'nodd lipicho prochar kortale. Konknnichi lipi mhonn Kon'nod lipi apnnavpak zai oxem sangtale. Kornattokant ravtat tea Konknni bhaxi lokancho ankddo motto asa ani te Kon'nodd lipi vaportat, dekhun Kon'nod lipi apnnavpak zai, oso tancho agro astalo. Atam okosmat tanchem mot bodol'lam ani te Romi lipicho agro dhorpak lagleat.

Romi lipicho agro dhortona te karonnam ditat tim oxim:
-Devnagori lipint dox asat, ti favo toxi na.
-Romi lipichea vaprak sumar 450 vorsanchi porompora asa.
-Sonvsarikoronnak lagun Romi lipi zai.
-Ontraxtri mollar Konknni jiti urtoli zalear Romi lipich zai.
-Songonnok tontrojneachea upegapasot Romi lipi gorjechi.

Pratap Naik ani Matthew Almeida hanche dakhovpache dant he; tor khavpache dant veglle asat. Te Romi vixim agro dhortat tachim khorim karonnam him va hantutlem khoimcheim ek:
1. Devonagorik te Hindu lipi mantat ani cholnnuken dhormvadi ani zatvadi axil'lean te lipi vixim tankam dusvas.
2. Dr. Maria Aurora Couto mhonnttat te promann Bharotiy Sonvskritichea mukhel provahant bhitor sorpak te fattim ravtat.
3. Romi lipi hi Latin bhaxechi lipi axil'lean ti Kristanv dhormachi lipi ani Konknni samball'llea ti Kristanvamnich oxi somzonni.
4. Purtugali vosahatvadachea daizantlea ovxexank veng marun ravpachi vrut'ti.
5. Dr. Tristanv Braganza Cunha hamnni jea dexbhroxttponnacher boddi marli teach dexbhroxttponnachem hem adhunik rup.
6. Jem jem Bharotiy tem tem unnak hea nyungonddan Devonagori lipik virodh.
7. Hea na tea karonnan Konknni chollvollint dhoxi ghalun ghor bhedi mhonn vavurpacho sobav.
8. Dhormvadavorvim Gõykarammodim futt ghalpacho haves.

Him karonnam va hatuntlem khoimcheim karonn Pratap Naik va Matthew Almeida aplea tonddant ken'nach sangche nat. Tem tanche cholnnukevoilean tharavchem poddttolem. Te oxem kiteak kortat ho mullavo prosn. Tea prosnachi zap mhoje nodren oxi:
Aichea sonvsarant nove samrajyvadi voir sorunk lagleat. Sonvsarikoronnachea nanvakhala apnnak zai toxench ghoddchem, apnnak zai teim urchem ani naka tem na-noposchat korun vodonvchem hem tanchem dhoronn. Tea novea samrajyvadeanche Pratap Naik ani Matthew Almeida he "agent". Sonvsarikoronnachea nanvan sonvsarant sogleo lipi na zavn ekuch lipi urchin ani uprant, sogleo bhaso na zavn ekuch bhas urchi ho tancho haves. Sonvsarikoronn, songonnok tontrojnan, "internet" hanche nimit't korun te Konknni he dexi bhaxen Romi hi ievropev lipi apnnavchi oxem sangtat. Toxem kelearuch hi bhas ontoraxtriy mollar jiti urtoli khoim! Hem torkott zoxem Konknnik lailam toxench her dexi bhaxankui lagu zata. mhonnttokuch hea torkottacho orth oso zata: jogant Bharotiy bhaso tigun urtoleo zalear tamnni apapli lipi soddun divn Romi lipi apnnavchi. Hem Bongalin korchem, Gujaratin korchem, Hindin korchem, kon'noddan korchem, Tamill-Telgu hamnniny korchem! Toxem kelem na zalear teo bhaso morun votleo!

Bharotantle khoimchech bhaxek ozun hi bhirant poddunk na. Konnoch dexi lipi soddun pordexi lipi ghevpacho vichar korunk na. Voilean "microsoft"-a sarki sonvstha Bharotiy bhaxantlean "software" toyar korta. "United Nations Language Development" hi sonvstha jogantleo sogleo bhaso ani tancher adaril'leo sonvskrutayo tigun urcheo mhunn 'Universal Networking Language' toiar korpacho vavr fuddem vhorta. Fokot To. Stti. Kom. Kendrak ani tachea zallvonndarank chinta poddlea, Romi lipi appnnaili na zalear Konknni mortoli mhonn! Kaim pordexi mixonoreanche sangnnen Purtugalchea Rayan kaddil'lea 1684 chea adexantlean ji Konknni vanchlea ti atam Pratap Naik ani Matthew Almeida hamnni kitloy proitn kelo mhonn morpachi na.
Novea samrajyvadeanche he hostok az dexi lipi soddchi mhonnttat; Faleam dexi bhaso soddat mhunn agro dhortole. Inttornettachem nimit't sangtole ani fokot Inglix puro, sogleo dexi bhaso na-noposchat korat oxeim sangtole. Hankam dex , dexi bhaso, dexi lipi, dexi sonvskrutai hancho mog va obhiman na. Nodor ievropa kodden laglea. Ievropi sonvskrutaiechi vhoddvik gavpantuch te dhoneotai mantat.

Konknnichea porzollit fuddarakhatir ani ghorbhedeamni ubeo kel'leo addkholli na korche pasot, Konknnicho mog ani obhiman axil'lea Gõykaramni Thomas Stephens Konknni Kendr ani tache zallvonndar Pratap Naik ani Matthew Almeida hanchem karosthan vollkhuchem. Tancher bohixkar ghalcho. Tanchekodden som'bond dovorche nant ani tanchekodden sohokary korche nat oxem dhoronn apnnavchem.

Bohixkar kiteak?

Ami lokxayent vavurtat. Sogleank vicharchem ani motache svatontry asa. 'Konknnik marun udovia' oxem mhonnpachem svatontry Pratap Naik, Matthew Almeida hankam asa. Tanchea tonddak konnench gudd'ddo marcho nhoi va tanche likhnnek addkholl korchi nhoi. Punn tankam sangat divcho kai na, tanche kodden sohokary korchem kai na hem tharavpachem svatontry lokak asa. Tem svatontry vaprun ami osohokarachem dhoronn apnnavchem. Tem bohixkarachem ek rup. Kornattokantlean ievn Gõykarammodim va Konknni chollvollint te dhoxi ghaltat dekhun te Konknniche ani Gõykaranchei dusman. Tankam bohixkaran pois sarle zalear konnakuch dukh'kh zavchem na.

 

RUPNNEM
Bor: Tomazinho Cardozo

Stephens Kendracher ani karmachearancher bohixkar ghalcho” hea mhatalleacho lekh 14 Otubrachea SUNAPARANT potrar ailolo to vachunk mell’lo. Lekh konnem boroilolo? Konknnicho ek mhan fuddari Advogad Uday Bhemre hannem ho lekh boroilolo. Xri Bhemre bohixkar ghalpacheo gozali kortat mhunn ojeap zalem? Zavpachench! Karann, Xri Uday Bhemre mhunttllear ekvott ghoddun haddpi monis. To anik bohixkaracheo khobro kiteak uloitolo? Oxem zaitea zannank dista astolem. Sarkhem tem. Utramnim to bhes boro ekvott ghoddoita, kornneanim nhoi. Ek kall aslo ki hech fuddari Thomas Stephens Konknni Kendr ani tache zallvondar Dr. Mathew Almeida ani Dr. Pratap Naik hanchi motti thoknnai kortalet. Konknni mollar bhes borem kam’ kortat mhunn tankam dhinvastalet, tanchi vochot thoim tust kortalet.

Punn kaim vorsam adim, jen’na eka disa Thomas Stephens Konknni Kendran Konknni borounchi rit koxi aschi tem dakhoilem, Devnagrin Konknni boroita te ritin chuko asat teo nodrek haddleot, tea disa thaun Thomas Stephens Konknni Kendr ani tache zallvondar – Dr. Mathew Almeida ani Dr. Pratap Naik – hea fuddareanche nodrentlean ‘BHES BORE KONKNNICHO VAVR KORPI’ he dogui Konknniche zannkar ekach khinnant ‘KONKNNI SOMAZANT FUTT GHALPI’ monis zalet. Hantun ojeap zavpa sarkhem kainch na. Hea fuddareancho itihasuch toso asa. Tanchea vicharam borobor tuje vichar asot zalear, tum bhes boro monis. Tuje vichar tanchea vicharancher matxe poriant hadd vetat zalear, tum sarkho vaitt monis. Magir tujer te bogllanttar bogllanttam ghaltat, tuje bara berestar ani tera sukrar korunk proitn kortat. Xri Bhemrecho to lekh vachlear oxench kitem korunk to evjita astolo dista. Churchure babddeache! Thomas Stephens Konknni Kendr ani tachea zallvondarancher bohixkar ghalpachim tachim sopnam ken’nach sakar zanvchinant.

Thomas Stephens Konknni Kendr ani tachea zallvonddaranim Konknniche udhorgoticho jitlo vavr kela taka sor kori sarkhi anik ekui Goeant sonstha na mhunttllear fott zanvchina. He sonsthecho labh xekddeanim xikpi bhurgeanim ghetla, xikovpeanim ghetla ani Konknnichea mogianim ghetla. He sonsthen Pri Antonio Pereira Puroskar ghoddoun haddlo ani to, mat poriant vegllochar korinastana, jea mon’xan Konknni bhaxek ani Konknni somazak iogdan dilam, magir to Devnagri lipi mogi, vo Romi lipi mogi zaum, to puroskar diun tanchea vavrachi tust kelea. TSKK-che puroskar mell’lolea manestancho nihall kelear oxem dista.

(a) Fokot Devnagri lipint borovpi: Shripad Desai, Pandurong Bhangi, Ramkrishna Zuvarkar, Hema Naik ani Tanaji Halarnekar.
(b) Fokot Romi lipint borovpi: Tomazinho Cardozo, Fr. Antonio Francisco Sousa, Peter Cardozo, Fr. Fredy J. D’Costa ani Bonaventure D’Pietro.
(c) Donuim lipinim borovpi: Felicio Cardozo, Olivinho Gomes, Prabhakar Tendulkar, Antonio Piedade Morais ani Jess Fernandes.

Itlench mhoi. TSKK-chi ek budh divpi somiti asa. Te somitiche vangddi oxe asat: Dr. Tanaji Halarnekar, Tomazinho Cardozo, Dr. Kiran Buddkule, Alito Sequeira, Jayanti Naik ani TSKK-che dogui zallvondar.
Voir kela tea nihallacher nodor marlear TSKK-n zat-kat, dhorm ani lipi pollenastana soglleank aple vengent dhorleat mhunn spoxtt zata. Soglleank ekvottan dorun Konknni mollar fuddem vochpi Goeantli hi ekuch sonstha asa. He porim soglleancho ekvott gheun Konknnicho fuddar porzollit korunk vavr korpi anik khoinchich Goeant sonstha asa zalear puraveam soit dakholl korunk mhojem hea fuddareank avahan asa.

Aiz TSKK ani tache zallvondar Romi lipichem mhotv ani te lipintlean borounk zata ti ‘scientific’ pod’dot akhea sonvsarak dakhounk iexesvit zaleat. Sonvsarachea anek konxanim ximpoddlolea Goenkaranim TSKK-k tanchea moladik vavra khatir xebaski dilea. Goeantui Romi lipichem varem odhik nettan vochonk laglam. Hi chollvoll nettan fuddem veteli ani akhrek Romi lipik Devnagri borobor sthan melltolem, hantun matui dubhav na. Oxem zalem zalear Devnagri Konknnicho fuddar kitem? 137 Konknni mullaveo xallo asat tantuntleo 131 xallo Devnagri lipi soddpachi xok’keatai asa. Uday Bhemrek ani tachea sangateank bhirant mhunntta ti hich. Toxem zalear Devnagrintlean Konknni xikxonn kobar. Tem zaunk diunche bhaxek TSKK-kuch kobar koruma. TSKK ani tanchea zallvonddarancher bohixkar ghalum-ia. Ani Xri Bhemren tosoch TSKK ani tachea zallvonddarancher bohixkar ghalpak ulo marlo. Hanvuim Romi lipicho mogi ani vavurpi. Mhunttoch atam mhojerui bohixkar ghalcho poddlo na? Ghalat. Bohixkar ghaltoch ravat. Akhrek Konknni mollar urtele te fokot Adv Uday Bhemre ani tache muttbhor sangati. Tumcheach hatanim tuminch Konknnicho fondd ustitat tem polloun dukh bhogta.

 
 
[Chotrai: Sunaporant disalleacher Otubrache 14 tarker Devonagori lipient chhapun ailolo ho lekh ami asa tosoch bhas bodli nastana chhapla.] Sompadok] Sunaporant-achea upkarant.