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About Goa


Goa is India’s smallest state by area and the fourth smallest by population. Located in West India in the region known as the Konkan, it is bounded by the state of Maharashtra to the north, and by Karnataka to the east and south, while the Arabian Sea forms its western coast. Goa is India’s richest state with a GDP per capita two and a half times that of the country as a whole.[4] It was ranked the best placed state by the Eleventh Finance Commission for its infrastructure and ranked on top for the best quality of life in India by the National Commission on Population based on the 12 Indicators.

Panaji is the state’s capital, while Vasco da Gama is the largest city. The historic city of Margao still exhibits the cultural influence of the Portuguese, who first landed in the early 16th century as merchants and conquered it soon thereafter. Goa is a former Portuguese colony, the Portuguese overseas territory of Portuguese India existed for about 450 years until it was annexed by India in 1961.

Renowned for its beaches, places of worship and world heritage architecture, Goa is visited by large numbers of international and domestic tourists each year. It also has rich flora and fauna, owing to its location on the Western Ghats range, which is classified as a biodiversity hotspot.

Traditional Toddy Tapping


The heart of Goa lies in her villages, Where even today in this rapidly modernising Indian state the ancient traditional occupation still has a place in society. Toddy-Tapping,fishing, and farming have been since time immemorial the primary occupations of villagers, though urban office employment and overseas shipping jobs have significantly …

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Wildlife Sanctuaries in Goa


Goa is a state which is gifted with incredible natural beauty; from her beaches and gently rolling hill to her vegetation and animal life. To protect some of this natural beauty from rush of modern development, Goa has set aside four wild-life sanctuaries nested in the wooded areas of in-land …

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Cathedral of Bom Jesus (Good Jesus)


This cathedral was built in 1605 and is dedicated to the Infant Jesus. The center of attention in this cathedral however, are the remains of St. Francis Xavier. His body lies in a silver casket placed on a marble mausoleum that is located in a side chapel to the right …

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Shanta Durga Temple

This temple is dedicated to the "Goddess of Peace". It is an unusual temple witha pagoda like structure and a roof made up of long slabs of stone. According to Hindu mythology, Godess Shanta Durga appeared in the midst of a duel between two other gods, Siva and Vishnu to …

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The Arc of the Viceroys

OLD GOA — with back gate to Se cathedral in Goa, India.

This monument, is located at the banks of the Mandovi river in Old Goa. Just across the river and in front of it, lies the island of Divar. It was built in 1599, and it was through this arc that newly appointed viceroys would enter Goa and the once prospering …

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Asia’s oldest lighthouse


Asia’s oldest light house is located at Fort Aguada, Goa. (More on this subject to follow…)    

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Aristocratic Goan Homes

There are several dozens of very stately mansions in Goa, most of which were built in the 18th and 19th centuries. There are also several hundred smaller mansions spread out amongst Goa's numerous villages. They usually have large sized two or even three reception halls, dining halls, several bedrooms, a …

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Traditional Goan house

This is what a typicial "old style" Goan house looks like. Most houses in Goa (even today) have their roofs constructed with red "manglorean" tiles. Manglore is a city in Karnataka. Also notice that the long stairway leads to a balcony also known as a "balcao" in Konkani and Portuguese. …

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Road Construction

Notice Goa's distinctive red laterite soil. As with much construction in India, a lot of the work is done manually. Given India's cheap and abundant labour this is not surprising. These workers are from India's desert state of Rajasthan. One can tell this from the bright red dresses the women …

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Market Scene

A scene from the Mapuca (see maps) market. The women are seen selling goa sausages, which is considered to be a delicacy among goans. Photo courtesy of Walter D'souza, Toronto, Canada.

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