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About Goa


Goa is India’s smallest state by area and the fourth smallest by population. Located in West India in the region known as the Konkan, it is bounded by the state of Maharashtra to the north, and by Karnataka to the east and south, while the Arabian Sea forms its western coast. Goa is India’s richest state with a GDP per capita two and a half times that of the country as a whole.[4] It was ranked the best placed state by the Eleventh Finance Commission for its infrastructure and ranked on top for the best quality of life in India by the National Commission on Population based on the 12 Indicators.

Panaji is the state’s capital, while Vasco da Gama is the largest city. The historic city of Margao still exhibits the cultural influence of the Portuguese, who first landed in the early 16th century as merchants and conquered it soon thereafter. Goa is a former Portuguese colony, the Portuguese overseas territory of Portuguese India existed for about 450 years until it was annexed by India in 1961.

Renowned for its beaches, places of worship and world heritage architecture, Goa is visited by large numbers of international and domestic tourists each year. It also has rich flora and fauna, owing to its location on the Western Ghats range, which is classified as a biodiversity hotspot.

Typical Goan Farm

This is what a typical Goan farm looks like – small, un-mechanized and labour intensive. This is a scene in Aldona, which is in the "taluka" (district) of Bardez (see map). Photo courtesy of Walter D'souza, Toronto, Canada.

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The Anjuna Flea Market

Located in the heart of the 'backpackers' scene, the Anjuna flea market is the place to be on Wednesday's in Goa. A beach town situated off the North of Goa, Anjuna became the hide-out for Western 'hippies' arriving in the 60's. Finding their wallets empty but wanting to stay longer, …

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Beach at Cidade de Goa

Below is a scene from one of Goa's many numerous (and beautiful) beaches. In fact, Goa's coastline (see map) is dotted with over a dozen beaches. This beach is an exclusive beach belonging to Hotel Cidade de Goa. Most beaches in Goa however, are public beaches.

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The Mapusa Market

Even before the advent of roadways, Mapusa has been the market hub of North Goa. It's location as the nexus of all overland routes in Bardez taluka and its proximity to the Rio de Mapusa, (the Mapusa River, which in ancient times was a popular waterway used in the transport …

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