ICAR review meet: state to discuss siltation problem faced by farmers
The state agenda speaks about problems faced by the local farmers, including labour shortage, high wage for labourers, high risk due to changing climate,
small land holdings of 0.2 to 0.5 hectares with 80 per cent of farmers, breach of bunds resulting in flooding of Khazan lands, damage to crops by stray and wild animals, inadequate marketing facilities for the produce of farmers, and damage to the fields because of siltation by mining rejects
PANAJI: Siltation by way of mining rejects is one of the problems faced by the local farmers as pointed out in the agenda of the state government to be discussed at the two-day regional review meeting of the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) for Western Zone, which will be inaugurated by the Governor, Mr B V Wanchoo on November 9.
The state government will present its problems linked to the agriculture, horticulture and animal husbandry sectors, before the experts attending this meeting.
The agenda of the state government for the meeting speaks about various problems faced by local farmers as well as cultivators, and further points out at the sectors, wherein the ICAR can assist the state government.
For one, the agenda speaks about problems faced by the local farmers, including labour shortage, high wage for labourers, high risk due to changing climate, small land holdings of 0.2 to 0.5 hectares with 80 per cent of farmers, breach of bunds resulting in flooding of Khazan lands, damage to crops by stray and wild animals, inadequate marketing facilities for the produce of farmers, and damage to the fields because of siltation by mining rejects.
Speaking about rejuvenation of the mining areas, the Goa agenda maintains that the mining areas, after the exhaustion of mining, are being planted with trees having no productive value.
“The suitable varieties of horticultural crops are required for planting in mining areas, under rain-fed conditions,” it mentions.
The Goa agenda makes a special mention about tremendous shortage of manual coconut harvesters/ pluckers in the state. “The coconut climbing machines are also not very feasible to climb on tall crooked trees and are not accepted by the traditional coconut harvesters,” it adds, further recommending that a suitable farmer-friendly device/ machinery is required for coconut harvesting.
Making a mention of paddy cultivation in Goa, the Goa agenda states that new, high yielding paddy varieties, which are more productive and also fetch better price in the market should be utilised. “New system like SRI needs to be standardised by introducing mechanical sowing or transplanting machinery,” it suggests, noting that packages for increasing productions in broadcasted or dibbled paddy are required to be introduced.
Advising the farmers to take up bamboo plantation as well as medicinal plantation, the Goa agenda under the Forestry chapter states that such plantations needs to be encouraged to supplement the income.
Furthermore, the Goa agenda has a note about scientific support from the ICAR as required for providing back up services for treating infertility cases for cross bred cows; providing area specific mineral mixtures to supplement minerals, which are deficient in fodder crop raised on laterite and coastal sandy soils; investigation into cases of atexia, paraplegia, progressive paralysis and death in cattle/ buffaloes, which are grazing on green grass in Bicholim and Pirna-Pernem areas; and finally, exploring the possibilities of cashew apple, brewery waste, and rice bran as seed supplements to dairy.
The Goa agenda also points out towards the development of local talent in higher education in agriculture by providing seats for graduation and post graduation studies.
The state government has given special thrust for development of agriculture, as also central government extended Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana scheme to Goa, wherein an amount of `70 crore has been earmarked by it for Goa, this year. [NT]